General, scenery: Wiener Neustadt Island is located in the center of Franz-Josef-Land, separated only by narrow sounds from Ziegler- and Salisbury-Island to its north, and by the wider Young Sound from the next islands to the south. With a maximal extension of 20 km and an area of 240 km², it ranks among the mid-sized islands of the archipelago, but can boast with its most extreme mountain relief: Peak Parnass in its middle is with its 620 m above sea level the highest peak of Franz-Josef-Land, and a number of other peaks exceed 500 m, too. Also here, the peaks are sharply cut relics of a formerly huge plateau, where erosion-resistant magmatic horizontal rock layers form the flat top layer with vertical sides of the peaks like in many other places of the islands, too. Except of some smaller coastal areas and some rock formations, the island is completely covered by glaciers.
Accordingly grand is the scenery, at least when not completely hidden in low clouds. The interior of the island is accessible only to experienced alpinists or by helicopter.
History, name: the island was discovered and named by the TEGETTHOFF expedition in spring 1874 and named after the austrian city called Wiener Neustadt. Cape Tirol in the northeast of the island was climbed and named by excursion leader Julius Payer together with the tirolean expedition member Haller.
Generally, the island played no significant role in the history of the archipelago.